How Too Much Information Can Overwhelm You
Information overload is a term that nowadays is used quite often. In today’s world we have all sorts of information all around us: data, ads, magazines, etc. It doesn’t matter if we want to or don’t, sometimes we just consume information that is useless or not interesting for us. So how exactly does it influence us and how to avoid it?
“Information overload occurs when the amount of input to a system exceeds its processing capacity. Decision makers have fairly limited cognitive processing capacity. Consequently, when information overload occurs, it is likely that a reduction in decision quality will occur.” – Bertram Gross, Professor of Political Science at Hunter College.
Newest advancements in technology definitely have had their impact on how much information we consume (reduced and increased), but we still use them because it makes our life easier. That’s why first of all we want to find out what are the main causes of this problem. Of course, there are plenty of them, but you can distinguish the most impactful:
- The never stopping creation of content
- The fact that it’sis so easy to create, copy and share the content on various online platforms and sites
- Increase in the communication channels we regularly use – television, mobile phones, various apps and platforms, radio, websites, etc.
- Enormous amount of false information, conflicting opinions
- No simple and efficient way of processing and evaluating the information 
Having easy and unlimited access to large amounts of information could sound appealing to some people and technically it should make us more intelligent, but, the truth is, that it harms us more than it does good.  The information overload puts our brain in inaction and if the newly consumed information isn’t used immediately, the brain loses about 75% of all our memory data.  The biggest risks of information overload are:
- Cognitive overload for our brain (brain fog)
- It gets harder to make decisions and think critically
- The depletion of our willpower
- Anxiety and focus problems 
All of these are very crucial in our everyday life, that’s why we really need to look after ourselves and limit the amount of information we get. What are the best ways to do it? Here are some tips to help you:
- Get yourself one expert in the field you are learning or working, that you find trustworthy and admire, and then follow him. Don’t overwhelm yourself with many experts.
- Distance yourself from a task or a project for a while if it’s not going on very well, to get a new perspective on it and clear your mind from excess information.
- Try to evade compulsive learning. Learn only the things you’re interested in and need.
- Limit yourself from useless information sources which includes all kinds of different app notifications, news sites, etc.
- Try distributing information and leaving it for later to process. You don’t have to consume it all at once, even if it comes in a bunch. , 
“What information consumes is rather obvious: it consumes the attention of its recipients. Hence a wealth of information creates a poverty of attention and a need to allocate that attention efficiently among the overabundance of information sources that might consume it.” – Herbert A. Simon, American economist, political scientist, cognitive psychologist.
We have to limit the amount and content of the information we consume, so that we wouldn’t have to fight the consequences afterwards!